Glaucoma Awareness Week is a yearly event that is happening from March 12th to 18th this year to raise awareness about glaucoma and encourage people to get regular eye exams.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide, but early detection and treatment can help prevent vision loss. By raising awareness about glaucoma and encouraging people to get regular eye exams, we can help reduce the impact of this disease on individuals and society as a whole.
So what exactly is glaucoma you ask? Glaucoma is an eye disease that can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss or blindness if left untreated. The optic nerve is responsible for carrying visual information from the eye to the brain, and damage to this nerve can result in irreversible vision loss.
The most common type of glaucoma is called primary open-angle glaucoma, which occurs when the fluid inside the eye (aqueous humor) doesn't drain properly, causing a gradual increase in pressure within the eye. This pressure can damage the optic nerve over time and lead to vision loss.
Other types of glaucoma include angle-closure glaucoma, which occurs when the iris is too close to the drainage angle in the eye, and normal-tension glaucoma, which occurs when the optic nerve is damaged even though the pressure inside the eye is normal.
Glaucoma usually has no symptoms until it has progressed significantly, which is why regular eye exams are important for early detection and treatment. Treatment may include medications, laser therapy, or surgery to lower the pressure inside the eye and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.