Diabetes can significantly and severely affect the eyes, causing temporary or permanent vision loss. An eye examination can detect the presence of diabetes, as well as diabetes-related eye problems such as:
Diabetic retinopathy: This occurs when there is a weakening or swelling of the blood vessels inside your eye. This can lead to hemorrhages, swelling, and other changes inside of your eyes.
Cataracts: Increases in blood sugar can cause swelling of the lens inside of your eye and cause clouding over time.
Full or partial paralysis of eye muscles: Diabetes can affect the nerves that control eye muscle movement. Paralysis can lead to eye misalignment and double vision.
Decreased corneal sensitivity: Diabetes can damage the nerve ending in our cornea, which affects its ability to respond to stimulation such a scratch or something in your eye.
Vision Problems: Fluctuations in blood sugar can cause fluctuations in vision. Other complications can lead to loss of vision or blind spots.
Comprehensive eye exams are recommended annually. If diabetic changes are detected early enough, often the signs can be reversed with proper blood sugar control and monitoring.