Glaucoma Diagnosis and Management

Glaucoma Diagnosis and Management
What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma affects 250,000 Canadians, but only half of them know they have it. It is the second most common cause of vision loss in people over 65. There are several different types of glaucoma, all characterized by damage to the eye’s optic nerve which connects the retina to the brain. If the optic nerve is damaged, it cannot send electrical impulses to the brain to produce a proper image.

Early Detection And Treatment Are Key

It is important to detect and treat glaucoma early. Waiting until it is too late can lead to the development of tunnel vision. It is not possible to cure or reverse glaucoma, but if discovered early, it can be treated to prevent further damage. Because your risk of developing glaucoma increases with age, annual eye exams are recommended for adults over the age of 65.

What Glaucoma Tests Are Available?

There are a variety of tests available for glaucoma. At our office, our optometrist measures the pressure inside of your eye, takes photos and scans of your optic nerve, checks your peripheral vision, and does a thorough examination of your ocular health.

Glaucoma Risk Factors

The exact cause of glaucoma has not been found, though several factors have been determined to increase your risk of developing glaucoma, including:

  • Increased age
  • High pressures inside of the eye (intraocular pressure)
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Ethnicity: people of African or Hispanic decent are at a greater risk of developing a type of glaucoma called open angle glaucoma. Asian or Inuit descent has an increase risk of developing other types of glaucoma